According to statistical data, from 2017 until now the intensity of the traffic flow in Moldova has increased by approximately 22%. One of the major problems in the capital is the partially degraded pedestrian infrastructure. In general, there was no intervention in this chapter after the Soviet period, there was very little intervention. The second problem is excessive traffic, and the number of vehicles is constantly increasing. The third problem that exists in the urban mobility chapter is outdated infrastructure. In recent years, a series of processes have been initiated in order to create and develop the infrastructure for alternative transport models, which are to be continued in the coming period.
So far, more than 22 km of dedicated lanes have been created for public transport, which also allows cyclists to travel on them – transport corridors set up on the main arteries, which are meant to connect the urban sectors. Chisinau. More than 19 km of tracks for separate cyclists were built and laid out in parks, squares, boulevards, and main streets. In the same way, over 220 km of sidewalks were rehabilitated in all sectors of the city of Chisinau, including in the courtyards of residential blocks and on the accesses to them, which facilitate the circulation of all modes of active transport.
“More than that, in order to encourage the use of bicycles as an alternative means of transport, the construction works of parking lots for 600 bicycles, in 90 locations in Chisinau, were tendered, and in order to facilitate access for people with locomotor difficulties, in 2022 there were allocated a sum of 10 million lei for the Infrastructure Adaptation Program for people with disabilities,” said Dumitru Ceban, Deputy Head of the General Directorate of Public Transport and Communications, during the Chisinau 2022 “Invest in Chisinau” Economic Forum.
Moreover, for the years 2023-2025, other objectives for the promotion and development of active transport were established. One of these is the expansion of the network of dedicated lanes and cyclist tracks up to 110 km, which is already partially completed on dedicated lane corridors for public transport and cyclists, connecting the Buiucani – Centru – Botanica sectors, and by the end of the current year the Ciocana – Rîscani – Centru corridor is to be implemented.
Another objective of the municipality is to connect parks and green spaces through a network of bicycle paths. Thus, for the year 2023, the connection of the Dendrariu and Valea Trandafirilor parks is expected through a separate track for cyclists, which will cross the entire length of 31 August 1989 street, forming a “green” corridor, but also the connection with the Râșcani park, the Butoiaș forest-park, and Calea Orheiului park.
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It is also planned to create a network of 150 km of cycling tracks in natural relief, forests, and parks, to create a favorable environment for active leisure, which would involve a 30 percent increase in the use of bicycles. The objective is to reach a number of 2,000 cyclists daily, arrange 2,000 bicycle parking spaces, and 5 intermodal stations to facilitate the use of alternative transport, create 20 bicycle maintenance stations, and repair 300 km of pedestrian infrastructure.
These measures are estimated at 657 million lei or the equivalent of 33 million euros.